Womens Reproductive Health – Where to Turn for Womens Reproductive Health Answers

When it comes to womens reproductive health, there are a lot of questions that can be asked. If you have a question it’s always best to see a doctor and ask him or her in person. After all, they went to school for years to specialize in the subject, it’d be a shame if they never got to utilize their skills. Besides going to a womens health specialist, your best bet is to get online, head to a library or even ask your friends. Usually, a poll of ten or so female friends can tell you if something is normal or an issue you should be concerned about.

If you get online, you can go to different web doctor sites that can give you lists of symptoms and pair you up with the health issue that is most likely what you’re currently dealing with. If there’s no specific problem that you’re worried about, and you just want to know more about womens reproductive health, you can try using a forum. Forums are great because they are completely anonymous. You can post whatever you’d like or just sit and read what everyone else has written without having to wonder whether somebody you’re talking to knows you. On the other hand, since you don’t know who is posting, you can never be sure if you’re really getting a doctor’s advice or just the ramblings of an unemployed loser.

There are a lot of fantastic books pertaining to womens reproductive health that you can use as resources. All you need to do is go to the library or book store and you’ll find hundreds of books by about as many authors on the subject matter. They can walk you through everything you need to know about womens reproductive health, and can serve as excellent guides.

Peddling Mental Disorder

Lawrie Reznek, a psychiatrist formerly at Sunnybrook Hospital in Toronto and now in private practice, presents a troubled view of the current state of psychiatry, the infrastructure that supports it and in particular documents the power of pharmaceutical companies in their relentless push to make profits from psychiatric drugs, particularly anti-depressants.

Who is to blame for this situation? You’ll need to read his book, “Peddling Mental Disorders” to make your own conclusions. Mine is that psychiatrists, governments, pharmaceutical companies and both you and I share the blame.

Reznek makes the startling conclusion that modern psychiatry is often no better than quackery because psychiatrists claim to have identified real mental disorders when in fact they have only invented them. The scientific method prized by the medical profession is often on very unsound and unscientific grounds and this is all worsened by pharmaceutical company marketing, the role it plays in regulating drugs and its funding of psychiatric journals and continuing medical education.

Reznek states, “A plethora of disorders have been “discovered”, and an army of epidemiologists tell us that these are widespread. We are being informed that countless lives are being blighted by these disorders, and that we have a responsibility to communicate this to the public, seek such patients out, and give them all the needed treatments. As I will argue, all of this is a lie- “a false or idle tale told to deceive {and} cheat.”

Reznek argues we are in an era of “disease mongering” which consists of convincing well people they are ill. In the span of some 130 years there has been an 8,000 percent increase in the number of mental disorders recognized.

Reznek prevents compelling evidence pharmaceutical companies have a pervasive influence on prescribing habits by physicians. Pharmaceutical companies spend a whopping $22 billion a year on marketing drugs directly to physicians and $60 billion in marketing generally.

Pharmaceutical companies are also well represented in influencing the guidelines of medical self regulatory organizations. It spends vast sums of money presenting its clinical trials and advertising in medical journals and its paid representatives are heavily involved in regulatory agencies that approve the selling of drugs. In 2002 pharmaceutical companies in the United States funded 90% of drug research therefore controlling what gets researched.

Pharmaceutical companies also appear to be cherry picking data from their studies. Reznek states, “There is evidence that pharmaceutical companies deliberately restrict access to information about their drugs from treating psychiatrists (and the public). This is alarming because scientific medicine cannot be practiced on the basis of cherry picked data. The ugly truth is that pharmaceutical companies have been reluctant to publish their negative studies showing that drugs don’t work, or publish studies showing their drugs have serious side effects. This cherry picking of the data made available to practicing physicians undermines medicine as an evidence based and scientific discipline.”

Increased funding for continuing medical education (CME) is coming from pharmaceutical companies influencing the discussion of the latest drugs being produced. Research has demonstrated prescribing habits rise for a drug after CME sessions promoting that drug. Pharmaceutical companies pay key opinion leaders in the medical community to give “educational sessions” on the latest drugs.

As a last jab to pharmaceutical companies Reznek questions the validity of their clinical studies suggesting they can be easily manipulated as in essence they are not truly scientifically structured.

In 1980 DSM-III (“Diagnostic and Statistical Model”) was issued by the American Psychiatric Association (“APA”) which defined numerous psychiatric diseases. Reznek points out DSM- III tremendously expanded the category of mental illnesses to the extent it allowed the medicalization of ordinary problems by allowing psychiatrists to define a new disorder into existence by simply producing a list of undesirable behaviours. DSM-III described existing disorders defined by symptoms that could be easily broadened as to allow more and more people to qualify for that diagnosis.

Reznek’s take on DSM-III is that, “We are lured into a crude medical model, obscuring the fact that the distress reflects understanding the problems and not some disease entity. Only if we step aside from the classification and try to see why this patient developed these symptoms, only if we examine the patient’s narrative, will we have a better chance of both understanding and helping our patients.”

Reznek argues this easy classification tool in DSM-III basically downplays the painstakingly learnt skill of clinical diagnosis. There is a focus on symptoms rather than signs which is a mistake as psychiatric symptoms can often appear in patients when there is no disorder. And the more the symptoms then the more the medications can flow to the delight of pharmaceutical companies.

As a last windfall to pharmaceutical companies the APA’s DSM -V is now in place and it has eliminated “Criterion E” which excluded ordinary grief from being a mental disorder. On this point Reznek says “In a stroke, it has turned ordinary grief into a major depressive disorder, and to the delight of the pharmaceutical industry, has increased the lifetime of major depression to close to 100%.” Reznek notes that 8 of the 11 members of the DSM-V Mood Disorders Work Group had (at times) ties to pharmaceutical companies.

So some of psychiatry and big Pharma are not very good for patients!
What does Reznek recommend to overcome this problem?

1. All those involved in the DSM classification manual issued by the American Psychiatric Association should act free of any conflict of interest particularly not having any ties to pharmaceutical companies.
2. More education is needed particularly for residents with an emphasis on the pitfalls of the DSM classification method.
3. Changes to legislation are required to compel drug companies seeking approval to license their new drugs that such a new drug is shown to be superior to existing treatments not simply to placebos. Furthermore, drug company studies should not be cherry picked to focus on positive effects All results must be made public.
4. Government funding for regulatory bodies should be increased and that by pharmaceutical companies be decreased. It is in the interests of governments to keep costs under control in the health field.
5. Direct to consumer advertising should be prohibited to relieve the pressure on physicians to prescribe the latest drugs.
6. There should be a threshold on amounts paid by pharmaceutical companies to physicians and such amounts must be reported.
7. Cash gifts by pharmaceutical companies to physicians should be made illegal.
8. In order to reward drug companies for creating effective new drugs the patent life for such drugs should be increased.
9. It should be illegal for practicing physicians to act as consultants for drug companies. To go on paid speaking tours for drugs, to accept payment to do drug studies and to accept money for undergraduate and continuing medical education. According governmental bodies must pony up more money for drug testing.
10. Reliance on DSM lists of symptoms should be replaced by more clinical evaluation.

In conclusion Reznek says, “To climb off the tiger, we need a sufficiently large incentive to do so. It has been financial incentives that have kept psychiatry on in the first place, and so it will take financial incentives to get psychiatry off. Very soon, health care in the developed world will be unaffordable. Health care costs are on the rise, and are ballooning out of control. Nations will go massively into debt. Economies will collapse. This is happening in no small measure because pharmaceutical companies are being allowed to make billions of dollars annually for drugs that do not work, or when they do, don’t work better than cheaper alternatives.”

Reznek starts his book by advising us that many of our answers can be found by “following the money”.

(Peddling Mental Disorder, The Crisis in Modern Psychiatry, Lawrie Reznik, McFarland & Company Inc, Jefferson, North Carolina 2016)

How to Choose the Best Jewelry and Watches?

Are you interested in purchasing a new watch? This is an important decision as you will need to find an accessory that will really add value to yourself. There are some criteria that you will have to respect when purchasing a watch or a jewel. The aim of this article is to provide you some more information on this topic to help you take the best decision.First of all you should consider your dress. Whenever you are purchasing jewelry or watches you should always make sure that it is suited to your clothes. This is because not all watches or jewels will match your dress and you can end up with an unpleasant surprise. This is why it is advised that you wear something close to the dress that you will be wearing at the party before purchasing your accessories.

It will also be important that you take into account your personality. There are some people that may look great with a particular accessory but another may look weird. Do not make the mistake of buying jewelry or watches just because they are merely fashionable. Instead it is important that you buy jewels that match your personality. Take adequate time to try the watches or the jewelry. It might also be interesting for you to bring a trusted friend along in order to get some feedback.You should also take your budget into account. We all want to have the most exciting jewelry or watches but we should be realistic. If it is beyond our budget then we should forget it. There is no point in breaking the bank in order to buy an accessory that you will be wearing only once in a while. You will end up being more profitable by investing the money in some other items.

You should exercise caution when purchasing jewelry and watches. It is easy to succumb to impulse buying and purchase something that does not match your personality and only for it to finish at the back of a cupboard. There are even people that buy such accessories in order to feel accepted by their peers. It is important that you avoid such mistake at all cost.

Three Types Of Livestock That Can Be Raised By Beginner Farmers

When people move from the city life to live in the country side they get interested in raising livestock. The reasons may vary as to why people want to raise livestock, some people raise them as pets and some raise them because they want to make some money by selling the livestock produce.What ever reason may be, raising livestock can be done by almost anyone who is dedicated to being a livestock farmer and someone who is willing to put aside a lot of his time in managing and taking care of their livestock. In order to raise healthy livestock you have to give the animals proper care such as feeding them nutritious food plus clean water on daily bases, building them some good shelter and have them checked by a veterinarian for health issues.There are various types of livestock you may want to raise as a beginner livestock farmer. Some of them need more care than others and maybe suitable for new farmers to raise. Three types of livestock that are suitable for beginner livestock farmers are goats, cattle and sheep. Below are more details on how you can go about raising them.Raising Cattle:A lot of farmers start by raising cattle in their farm ranch. Cattle are a stress free livestock to raise when taking good care of. Their produce such as milk and meat is in high demand in the markets for its nutritious benefits. When you own cattle you will be able provide your family with fresh milk on daily bases and save lots of money in buying milk.

When starting out in raising cattle you have to first choose the kind of breed you want to raise. There are over 800 types of breeds which are in 3 different categories known as the zebus, the hybrids and taurine cattle. Some types of breeds are good for the production of milk whilst others are suitable for meat production.When raising different types of cattle a farmer should install stalls that separate those that eat grass and hay to those that eat sophisticated feeds.Since cattle are grazing animals you have to have some large piece of land if you want to raise them. The land in which they graze on has to be well fenced so secure the livestock. For the fence you can either use electrical wiring or use a wood and steel fence. You should also prepare some equipment needed to raise cattle such as pails, water containers and feeding beds.Although cattle don’t require some sort of roofed shelter that doesn’t mean you can’t build one. A roofed shelter will also help you in storing your livestock equipment and can be used to milk your cows.Raising Goats:Goats are another type of livestock that can be raised by a beginner farmer and they are less prone to diseases than cattle. They can also be raised for the production of milk and meat which high in demand and cost more than cattle produce.When starting out raising goats you have to first make up your mind on what type of goat breed you want to raise. The type of breed depends on the end product you want to produce from your goats, you can either raise goats for the production of fiber, tasty meat and milk that is high in nutrients.Once you have made up your mind on the type of goat you want to raise you have to decide on the number of goats you are planning on raising. Knowing the number of goats you are planning on raising will help you estimate how large your land should be. One thing to note is that goats reproduce almost every year so the land should be large enough to accommodate the growth of your herd.Goats also need some shelter to rest at the end of the day. The shelter should be large enough for all your livestock to fit in properly without being over crowded. The shelter should be comfortable so that they can sleep at night and protect them from harsh weather such as too much sunlight, rain and snow. Don’t forget to fence the entire grazing land so that predators don’t attack and kill your herd.Raising Sheep:Raising sheep is very interesting and rewarding as raising cattle and goats. These type of livestock can be raised for various reasons such as producing quality wool, producing cheese from its prolific milk and the obvious tender meat. These produce can also be sold since they are in high demand.Sheep are animals that like grazing the field. If you want to raise healthy sheep then you have to have some large land of green grass for the livestock to graze on. Although feeding your sheep grain supplements plays a big part in their diet, grass fed sheep produce a higher nutritional value produce. Since sheep like grazing in a large group as a livestock farmer it can be daunting to manage them on the field so it would be wise to have a helper dog to assist you.

An essential part of raising sheep is keeping them within their confines, this helps them in not getting lost in the wild and end of being eaten by wild animals such as bobcats, bears and wild dogs. At the same time it helps in keeping these predators out of the grazing area. Using an electrified fence can help a lot and its easy to install as well.In order to ward off natural elements that can be harmful to your livestock you have to invest some money in building good housing for your sheep. When designing the house make sure you build a chute to manage the sheep when you need to make some checkups on each and everyone of them or when vaccinating them.As you see raising livestock can be done by almost anyone even if you don’t have any past experience or were not raised in a farm ranch. Just like any other type of pet they need to be taken care for and make sure they leave in comfortable conditions.When starting out its best to first start with raising one type of livestock then move on to another type when you have gotten the experience from your first set of livestock.